The town of
Mathura (Brajbhoomi) is located in the western part of the state
of Uttar Pradesh in the northern region of India. It is a part
of the great northern plains and is situated on the western bank
of the river Yamuna. It is famous as the birthplace of Lord
Krishna, an important deity in the Hindu religious pantheon. It
is an important pilgrim place of the Hindus and one of the seven
most sacred cities in India. The main pilgrim centre in Mathura
is the Shri Krishna Janmbhoomi temple. Mathura is also an
important crafts centre. Mathura belongs to the Agra Sub circuit
of the Golden Triangle of India i.e. Agra-Delhi-Jaipur circuit.
It is worthwhile to visit the Mathura region for the sheer
pleasure of tracing the early years of the life of Lord Krishna.
The Shri Krishna Janmbhoomi (birthplace of Lord Krishna) is the
main attraction of Mathura and an important pilgrimage for the
Hindus. A stone slab marks the original spot of the birth of
Lord Krishna. The earlier Kesava Deo temple had the room where
Lord Krishna was born. According to legends, Lord Krishna was
born in a small prison room where the tyrant ruler Kansa held
his parents captive.
Vrindavan is 10 km from Mathura and it is associated with the
childhood exploits of Lord Krishna. Like Mathura, Vrindavan is
also famous for its temples. There are about 4,000 temples in
Vrindavan. The main temples are Govind Dev Temple, Rangaji
temple, Bankey Bihari temple, Radha Ballabh temple, Madan Mohan
temple, Pagal Baba temple and the Nidhi Van temple.
Hindus celebrates Lord Krishna's birthday as Janmashtami on the
eighth day of the darker half of the month in July/August. For
Mathura, Janmashtami is the biggest festival and it is held on a